Best Irish FactsFacts on Ireland and the Irish

The Great Famine

The Great Famine of 1845 – 1849 was caused by the failure of the potato crop through blight.

The fungus Phytophthora Infestans was first noted at the RDS Gardens in Dublin.

On 20 August, 1845 the Curator, David Moore, noted its symptoms.

The blight appeared as dark brownish spots on the leaves of the potato plant.

Under prevailing damp conditions the entire plant was quickly infected leading to a rapid decay and an offensive smell.

Rainfall washed spores off diseased plants onto potatoes in the soil.

The potatoes rotted as soon as they were harvested.

Infected seed potatoes incubated the disease and helped restart the cycle.

Four main varieties of potato were in general use in Ireland in the 1840’s.

These were Apple, Black, Cup, and Lumper.

A third of the population depended on the potato for food.

Poor tenant-farmers rented a piece of land to grow potatoes for consumption.

Other crops were grown to pay the rent.

This system was known as Conacre.

An estimated £1m worth of foodstuffs left Ireland between July, 1845 and February, 1846.

Indian maize was imported and distributed for relief.

Its yellow colour and its initial effect on the digestive system earned it the name, “Peel’s Brimstone”.

It was named after Sir Robert Peel who was Prime Minister during the first year of the Great Famine.

The first food depots for famine relief opened on 28 March, 1846.

Relief schemes were introduced employing people in the building of roads, bridges, and piers.

Initially these schemes used 140,000 people.

By 1847 there were 734,000 people working on relief schemes.

As people could not pay rent evictions were common.

Starving people wandered the countryside subsisting on berries, roots, and nettles.

People were found dead with what became known as An Béal Glas.

An Béal Glas is Irish for the "Green Mouth" meaning that they had resorted to eating grass in a last effort to stay alive.

Many landlords reduced rents while others impoverished their estates in an effort to help their tenants.

People were forced to emigrate and the emigration trade became a lucrative business.

To maximise profit ships were altered to carry the maximum number of people.

In 1847 alone there were 17,465 documented deaths as a result of disease on board emigrant ships.

This does not include the dead who were simply cast overboard or the ships that disappeared without trace.

These emigrant ships were known as Coffin Ships.

Sir Charles Trevelyan was Assistant Secretary to the Treasury from 1840 to 1859.

He defended the export of grain from Ireland on the grounds of free trade.

He directed that Irish grain be exported.

A sum of $710 was sent by the Choctaw Nation to alleviate the suffering of the people of Co. Mayo during the Great Famine.

The sliding coffin was introduced during the famine as it was impossible to meet the demand for coffins.

The coffin was placed over the grave and the base was drawn out allowing the body to fall into the grave.

A variation on the sliding coffin was the hinged coffin.

The potato crop failed for five successive seasons.

Disease was also endemic during the Great Famine.

The more common diseases were Cholera, Dysentery, Typhus, Relapsing Fever, Scurvy, and Xerophthalmia.

The census of 1841 recorded a population of 8,177,744.

The census of 1851 recorded a population of 6,544,074.

The number that died during the famine cannot be estimated but is generally accepted as one million.

Back to G





©2011 Best Irish Facts

雪茄| 雪茄烟网购/雪茄网购| 雪茄专卖店| 古巴雪茄专卖网| 古巴雪茄价格| 雪茄价格| 雪茄怎么抽| 雪茄哪里买| 雪茄海淘| 古巴雪茄品牌| 推荐一个卖雪茄的网站| 非古雪茄| 陈年雪茄| 限量版雪茄| 高希霸| 帕特加斯d4| 保利华雪茄| 大卫杜夫雪茄| 蒙特雪茄| 好友雪茄

古巴雪茄品牌| 非古雪茄品牌

邮件营销| Spread| Email Marketing| 電郵推廣 Email Marketing| 邮件群发软件 搜尋引擎優化 SEO

Tomtop| Andoer| LEMFO| Anet A8| Xiaomi Roborock S50| Xiaomi M365 Scooter| MXQ PRO| MJX Bugs 5W| Hohem Isteady Pro| Hubsan H501s X4| Anet A6| Dobby Drone| ILIFE V7s| Creality Ender-3| Hubsan H501s| Hohem Gimbal| Trumpy Bear| Amazfit Bip| Hubsan H501s| Vernee T3 Pro| DJI Mavic Air| Anet A8 3d Printer Review| Populele| SONOFF| Homekit| JJPRO X5| LEMFO LEM7| Anet| Koogeek| Hubsan Drone| Wltoys| Feiyu| Zeblaze| Lixada| TomTop

IT Support| printing labels| System Integration| Software development| label printing| QR code scanner| wms| vending machine| barcode scanner| QR code scanner| SME IT| it solution| rfid tag| rfid| rfid reader| it outsourcing| printing labels| IRLS| inventory management system| digital labelling| barcode label| Self Service Kiosk| Bar Code/QR Code Application/QR Code Scanner| It Solution Service/It Services| Automation Labelling System/Applicator/Label Printing Machine/Thermal Transfer Printer/Packing Worker/Warehouse Worker| Clinic Booking/Appointment System| Photo Inspection/Staff Management Apps| Digital Labelling/Barcode Printers| Wms/Warehouse Management System| Vending Machine| It Solution Service/It services/IT Support| Hardware Maintenance| Barcode Label| IT Talent Sourcing| IT Talent Sourcing/It Outsourcing| Rfid Tag/Reader

banner| foamboard| backdrop| pvc| printer| label| print shop| poster| business card| postcard| print services| printing company| name card| hk print| hong kong printing| Spray painting/banner/banner price| Backdrop/Backdrop price| Easy to pull / easy to pull frame price| Banner / printing / banner printing / printing quotation| Sticker / sticker printing| Leaflet / leaflet printing| Exhibition booth| Book printing| Bannershop/ebanner/eprint| Printing

Beauties' Secret| 護膚品/化妝品| 面膜推薦| 眼膜產品| 爽膚水推薦| 護膚品推薦

地產代理/物業投資| 租辦公室/租寫字樓| 地產新聞| 甲級寫字樓/頂手| Grade A Office| Commercial Building| Hong Kong Office Rental / Rent Office| Office building| Office for lease / office leasing| Office building| Office relocation Office for sale|